Altai Tavan Bogd National Park
Altai Tavan Bogd National Park is located on the western most point of Mongolia in Bayan-Ulgii aimag with views of Kazakhstan from the highest peak in Mongolia. The Parks area covers 636,161ha of land including Mongol-Altai peaks, Shiveet, Alag Deel, Rashaan Ikh, Dunkhurug, Zagastai, Ikh Turgen, Bayanzurkh, Yamaat, Kholagash, Khuskonak, Songinot, Yalt and Uvchuu mountains and Khorgon, Khoton, Dayn and Chikhertei lakes and also everlasting ice-topped mountains with glacial rivers. The Altai mountain range stretches for 900 km across Russia, Mongolia and China. The highest mountain peak, the snow-capped Khuiten Uul at 4,374 meters flanked by four other peaks along the Potanin River, the source of a massive glacier, are commonly known as Tavan Bogd or the Five Saints. The Altai region is abundant with significant archaeological sites dating back to Paleolithic era, evidences of human habitation as far back as 40,000-12,000 years ago. There are several thousand petroglyphs and Turkic monoliths, including the Tsagaan Salaa Rock Paintings with over 10,000 cave drawings. The Park is a home to many world widely endangered animals such as Argali sheep (wild mountain sheep), wild goat, lynx, Beech marten, ibex, grey wolves, red deer, black vulture, elk, snow leopards, Altai snowcock, golden eagles. Wild sheep population grazing in this land is officially considered to be the biggest in the world. In 1996, this area was registered into the national preservation to be the representation of the Mongolian natural eco-system.