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Attractions close to Ulaanbaatar
HomeMongolia travel destinationsAttractions close to UlaanbaatarUpdated 2017 April


Terelj National Park
Attractions close to Ulaanbaatar Mongolia: Terelj National ParkTerelj National Park (Gorkhi-Terelj National Park) is one of the most popular national parks in Mongolia located near Ulaanbaatar (70km west of UB). The park comprises 2 931,68 square kilometres. Park wildlife includes brown bears and over 250 species of birds. The Tuul River flows through the park. The park has many rock formations for rock climbers, and includes two famous formations named for things they resemble: Turtle Rock (Mongolian: Melkhii Khad) and the Old Man Reading a Book (Praying Lama Rock) which have an interesting ancient legends.
Turtle Rock (Melkhi Khad) is a famous rock formation whose shape resembles a turtle, associated with a legend of the Galdan Boshugtu (1644-1697), Dzungar-Oirat Khan of the Dzungar Khanate, who united the western Mongols in the 15th century. Each year Turtle Rock is visited by thousands of tourists, making it one of the most visited natural tourist attractions in Terelj NP.
Ariyabal Buddhist Meditation Temple, is situated on a steep mountain slope in the scenic area of the Terelj NP about 4 km west of Turtle Rock. Ariyabal Temple was built in the shape of an elephant's head. The set of 108 stairs leading up to the temple symbolizes the elephant's elongated trunk. Visitors can meditate and relieve city stress, find much of the teaching to be timeless and smart, reminding to focus on the spiritual life.

Genghis Khan Statue Complex
Attractions close to Ulaanbaatar Mongolia: Genghis Khan Statue ComplexGenghis Khan Equestrian Statue, part of the Genghis Khan Statue Complex is a 130ft (40m) stainless steel monument of Genghis Khan (1162-1227), founder and Great Khan (emperor) of the Mongol Empire located on the bank of the Tuul River at Tsonjin Boldog 60km east of the Mongolian capital Ulaanbaatar, is one of most visited tourist destinations in Mongolia. Statue was installed in 2008 (sculptor D.Erdembileg) on a 10m high platform. You can walk to the head of the horse through its chest and neck to have a panoramic view over the complex area, natural beauty. Genghis Khan's Statue Complex also contains a restaurant, mongolian souvenir shops, museum which has exhibitions relating to the Bronze Age and Xiongnu archaeological cultures in Mongolia.

Khustai National Park
Attractions close to Ulaanbaatar Mongolia: Khustai National ParkThe Khustai National Park (KhNP) known as the motherland of Przewalski's horses (world widely endangered Takhi wild horses) is located 70km west from Ulaanbaatar at the boundaries of Altanbulag, Argalant, and Bayankhangai sums of Tuv aimag. Khustai range belongs to the zone of Mongol Daguur according to its vegetation and geographical features. Although KhNP belongs to forest and steppe zone which borders with great steppe of Mongolia, it also has sand dunes and mounds where you can find Gobi vegetation. Absolute altitude is 1,100-1,800m above sea level. The highest point is Khushuut, the peak of the Khustai Khan mountain at 1,843m above sea level, lowest is Tariatyn Bulag spring at 1,190m above sea level.  Average annual prescription is between 136.3-143.7mm. In Bayan, Ekhen Us, Alganat, Moilt, Urtyn Am, Shuvuun Am you can find over 10 alpine crystal rivers and springs which most of them still streams in winter. Forest steppe dark, mountain black, black and brownish soil dominates the area. Khustai range area is home to 450 species of vegetation belonging to 214 classes of 65 families. KhNP is inhabited with 46 species of mammals such as deer, Mongolian gazelle, wild boar, Roe deer, Takhi wild horses, Argali mountain sheep, marmot, grey wolf, fox, corsac, Pallas' cat, Eurasian badger, lynx; and 172 species of birds such as the Great bustard, Black stork, vulture, Golden eagle, crane, Whooper swan, magpie and 130 species of insects. In the 368th resolution from November 28, 1980, the "Re-introducing Takhi or Przewalski's horses" by the Council of Ministers of People's Republic of Mongolia (former name) had been stated to allow the implementation of the re-introduction and raising project and get 6 Takhi horses from the Soviet Russia (former name) by the first half of 1981 according to the agreement made through the Mongolian Association of Environmental Protection. Mongolian Union of Environmental Protection, Takhi wild horses' protection foundation of Holland together with Mongolian and Russian research expedition had chosen Khustai range to be the best place to re-introduce the Takhi wild horses after a long research trip in the steppe, Gobi zone of Mongolia and started with the preparation work for reintroduction. Khustai range has come under state protection as the Natural Reserved Area with 50.0 thousand hectares of territory in 1993 according to the 83th resolution issued by the State Great Khural (Parliament) of Mongolia. In 1998 by the 115th resolution issued from the Parliament, the protection grade of the area has been upgraded making it into a National Park and borders have been expanded taking 2.5km in diameter section of Moltsog sand dunes into its boundary. The KhNP has been registered as a member of the Man and Biosphere Network of natural reserves by UNESCO. 
Between 1993-2003, the KhNP had been managed by "Mongolian Association of Environment and Nature Protection" NGO since then the "Khustai National Park Trust" (KhNPT) NGO is managing the park wholly according to the privileges under the agreement signed between the NGO and the Ministry of Nature, Environment and Tourism of Mongolia.

13th Century Theme Park
Attractions close to Ulaanbaatar Mongolia: 13th Century Theme Park13th Century Theme Park is located in Erdene sum of Tuv aimag, 36 km south-east of the Genghis Khan Statue Complex, which covers 0.4 square miles surrounding Yol mountain. The main attraction of this park is the real-time demonstration of everyday life and work, culture, traditions, religion, holidays of people of the 13th century Mongol Empire with the presentation of a variety of crafts. Micro kingdom gives guests feel like stepped back in time to 13th century. The park is comprised of six sections (Watchtower camp, Herders camp, Education camp, Shamans camp, King's camp, Craftsman camp) which represent the life and work of the various sectors of society of the 13th century Mongol Empire.

Tonyukuk shining monuments
Attractions close to Ulaanbaatar Mongolia: Tonyukuk shining monumentsTonyukuk monuments, located 60 km east of Ulaanbaatar, include two stone monuments with ancient inscriptions and a number of human statues. Archaeological excavations performed in the area have uncovered the remains of a brick building with ceramic roof, which at one point burned down and was destroyed. The engraved text covering the eight sides of the two stone monuments contains runic characters. It describes the social situation at the time and events connected with the biography of Tonyukuk the Wise (624-732 AD), a man of noble birth who acted as advisor to three Turkic kings. Tonyukuk was imprisoned for a crime committed while the Turks were subjects of the Chinese, but he was released at the time of Qutuluq's rebellion. Eventually, when Qutuluq became king, Tonyukuk was appointed as his advisor. Qutuluq died in 693 and was replaced by his brother Mojo, who had been connected with the previous regime, including Tonyukuk. Yet Tonyukuk organized a secret plot with support of exiled politicians, which succeeded in overturning Mojo's ruling, and led to the coronation of Mogilyan as king of the empire. The monuments here were erected by Tonyukuk himself.
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