Meteorology of Bayankhongor aimag

Meteorology of Bayankhongor aimagThe land surface of Bayankhongor aimag's area varies from hills, valleys to steppes, which make the climate sweeping. The mean temperature at the north side is 0 to 7°C while at the south side and the low areas of Gobi is +8°C. The coldest month of the year is January, the temperature drops from -18.3°C to -30.6°C at the Khangai mountains, from -17°C to -21.2°C in the steppe area, from -11.6°C to -18.8°C in the Gobi. The warmest month is July and average temperature reaches +13°C to +16°C at the basin of Khangai mountain ranges, +13°C to +20°C in steppe, +21°C to +27°C in gobi. Sometimes the maximum temperature reaches +28°C to +49°C. Since the moist air stream from Atlanta and Arctic Ocean flows through the wide land of Europe and Asia, there are deficiency in the annual precipitation in steppe, Gobi and the desert zone.

However, Bayankhongor provinces Khangai Hills get more precipitation. Annual precipitation in forest steppe zone is over 250mm, in steppe and forested steppe zone is 130-180mm, in Gobi zone 50-100mm and in Gobi Desert 0-50mm respectively. Air humidity in warm seasons is 40-68% in the mountain region, 35-60% in the steppe and 33-37% in Gobi region. Wind is strong here. Wind average speed is 3m/sec in mountains and 15m/sec in gobi and steppe. Due to such variations, the territory is divided into smaller climate and soil subdivisions. The world aquatic dividing line goes through this land and a good source of sun and wind energy is accumulated in the area.

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