Geography. Dundgovi aimag borders with Uvurkhangai, Umnugovi, Tuv and Dornogovi aimags. From the northern point Khar Tolgoi Hill to southern point Uvurtsagaan Ders is 280km, from the western point Dulaan Mountain to eastern point Khukh Del Hillock is 425km. The highest elevation of the steppe is at 1,530m above sea level, lowest is 980m and the highest mountain Delgerkhangai is at 1,913m above sea level. Dundgovi aimag is rich with mineral resources. 33 kinds of minerals such as coal, spar, tin, zinc, alebaster, iron, gold, silver, uranium, natural coloration and 81 mine sites, 140 deposits have been explored and studied.
Soil. Northern part of Dundgovi aimag belongs to dry zone and southern part belongs to desert zone. In the northern and central parts the soil consists of dark, fair umber soil and the southern part consists of Gobi-gray soil. The land surface is dominated with small hillocks and mounds that are formed with a mix of carbon brown, light brown and salty soil. The southern part of the aimag has sandy deserts and valleys.