Meteorology of Govi-Altai aimag

Meteorology of Govi-Altai aimagThe alpine climate covers the northern branches of Mongol Altai Range - Sutai Khairkhan, Darvi Range, Khasagt Khairkhan, Khantaishir Range and Burkhan Buudai of Govi-Altai aimag. In this dry and alpine climate zone average air temperature of July is +20°C, January is -20°C and average precipitation is 80-135mm annually. 2,800m and higher mountain areas are dominated with wet and cold air with the average temperature of +16°C in July, -24°C in January and annual precipitation with 135mm, thus this area is considered to be one of the most humid parts of Govi-Altai aimag. Around the down hills and steppes are humps and hollows with an average height of 1,600-2,000m, that surrounds Darvi, Khagast Khairkhan, Khantaishir, Serkhi, Atas Bogd Mountains, Idrengiin Range, semi arid cold climate dominates. Temperature reaches to +24°C in July, drops down to -20°C in January and annual precipitation rate is 48-80mm in this area.

Warmer regions of Govi-Altai province are Sharga, Khuisiin Gobi, surrounding areas of Mongol Els Dunes known as a Mongol Sand Dunes, Biger, Khaliun, Shalyn Khooloi, Alag Nuuryn Gobi, Zakhui, Zarman's Gobi, Khatan Suudal Steppe of southern part of the aimag. Here temperature reaches +24°C and above in July, where -16°C and below in January, and annual precipitation is 48mm. Southern and southwestern parts of the aimag including the whole of southern Altai Gobi, cavity of central Sharga and Zakhuin Gobi has warm dessert-steppe climate with annual precipitation of 48mm or lower. The highest temperature is over +30°C in July.

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