Fauna of Khovd aimag

Fauna of Khovd aimagMany species of animals inhabit in Khovd aimag including endangered species like wild ass, 2 humped wild camel and saiga anteloppe. Therefore Bulgan River, Khukh Serkh Mountain area are recorded as strictly protected areas. Khar Nuur Lake area is home to 9 out of 23 endangered species of mammals that are included in the Mongolian Red Book such as saiga anteloppe, black tailed gazelle, bulrush pig and others.

Ornithologists have determined that there are about 200 species of birds of 35 genus, 17 families in Khar Nuur Lake Basin. Out of that, 134 species migrate from tropical countries, 123 lay eggs, 49 stays in winter and 20 pass through. The 14 of all 19 kinds of birds, that are listed in the Mongolian Red Book such as Dalmatian pelican, spoonbill, whooper swan, swan goose, wild goose, white tailed sea eagle inhabit Khovd aimag.

There are approximately 330 species of vertebrates and 90 of them are mammals, 220 are birds, 11 are reptiles, 8 are fish and 1 is amphibian. Globally endangered species such as Altai wild sheep, mountain goat, Przewalski's horse (Equus przewalskii), Asian beaver, leopard, lynx, mazaalai the gobi bear, 2 humped wild camel, agama (type of large lizard), and pheasant, all inhabit here. These globally endangered animals are spread through the Khovd aimag's 3 strictly protected areas and are protected by the state. In 1965, the Bulgan River Basin which is abundant in beavers was registered as strictly protected area. In the territory between the Dashvaanjil Mountain and the republics border, over 104-134 beavers of 26 groups were counted.

Also many rare birds such as vulture, hawk, lammergeyer, eagle, buzzard, Altain snowcock, goose, ruddy shelduck are well populated in Khovd province. Two kinds of a grebe, 3 kinds of a heron, 4 of a duck, 10 of a goose, 2 of an eagle, 5 of a falcon, 2 of crane, 6 of a sandpiper, 6 of a seagulls, 2 of a swallow, 4 of a pipit, 4 of a wagtail, 3 of a shrike, 4 of a wheatear, 3 of a sparrow and 2 kinds of a crow are found in this aimag. Snowcocks mainly inhabit the Jargalant, Tsambagarav, Munkh Khairkhan, Sutai, Baatar, Googiin Mountain and its branch mountain areas.

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