Flora of Khovd aimag

Flora of Khovd aimag Khovd aimag lacks forest, but along the riverside birch, aspen, bush, gooseberry, strawberry and other berry bushes grow. Across Khovd aimag wormwood, wild leek, agropyron, Mongolian wild onion, couch, cleistogenes, anabisis, salsola, sage brush and other floras are abundant. Gobi area is rich with saksaul, populus diversifolia and tamarix. Locals and medics widely use herbs like saussurea involucrata, water lily, roseroot, rhodiola quadrifida, licorice, valerian, odontites, plantain and wild rose. In mountainous areas alpine, in the southern parts Gobi floras grow. Forest covers about 644.4 thous. ha of land of Khovd aimag. Out of that 352ha is occupied by aspen, 3,846ha by bush, 3,400ha by larch, 4,000ha by cargana, 516.5 thous. ha by saxaul, 149ha by birch, 2,749ha by seabuckthorn bush and the remaining part is occupied by cultivated forest respectively.

There are 5 floral zones around the lake areas and the floras that are in the Mongolian Red Book such as single leafed Saljir, white water lily, golden spatterdock, reed and bamboo grow in Khovd province. The 25 out of all 86 types of floras that are recorded in the Mongolian Red Book grow in this aimag. The aimag lacks plants, yet the soil is fertile. There are 120 kinds of pasture plants grow here. The annual hay capacity is 0.5-2.0 centner. Sweet melon, watermelon, crusted garlic, rye and berries are cultivated in this aimag.

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