The general information of Bayankhongor aimag
|Name of the aimag's center||Bayankhongor||with a Sum status|
|Number of the sums (territorial administrative units)||20||including Bayankhongor (aimag's center)|
|Total territory||115,977.8 km²||-|
|- forestry (saxaul, larch, shrubs)||330,668.8 ha.||-|
|- agricultured land||535.3 ha.||-|
|- pasture land||9,099,656.0 ha.||-|
|Time zone||GMT+8||Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time|
|Area code||+976-7044-xxxx||976 - country code 7044 - aimag code|
|Distance from Ulaanbaatar to the center of aimag (Bayankhongor), km|
|Ulaanbaatar - Bayankhongor||630|
|Distance from center of aimag to center of sum, km|
The territory covers Gobi and steppe regions at the south western side of Mongolia that includes the southern edge of Khangain Mountain Range, Gobi Altai mountains, and South Altai Gobi. The land surface is mixed with mountains and hallows. The highest point is Gobi-Altai's Peak - Ikh Bogd at 3,957m and the lowest point is in Altai-Uvur gobi at 750m. Also, Zeerengiin hallow, Nomingiin Govi and Altai Uvur Govi exist in the area. There was an intense earthquake in Gobi-Altai Mountains in 1957 and a huge 300km opening was formed behind the Ikh Bogd and Bayantsagaan mountains. The aimag is bordered with Arkhangai Aimag to the north, Zavkhan Aimag to the northwest, Govi-Altai Aimag to the west, Umnugovi Aimag to the southeast, Uvurkhangai Aimag to the east for 1,700km and the People's Republic of China to the south for 130km respectively. Bayankhongor Aimag is rich with anthracite, gold and other construction material resources.
The land surface of the area varies from hills, valleys to steppes, which make the climate sweeping. The mean temperature at the north side is 0 to 7°C while at the south side and the low areas of Gobi is +8°C. The coldest month of the year is January, the temperature drops from -18.3°C to -30.6°C at the Khangai mountains, from -17°C to -21.2°C in the steppe area, from -11.6°C to -18.8°C in the Gobi. The warmest month is July and average temperature reaches +13°C to +16°C at the basin of Khangai mountain ranges, +13°C to +20°C in steppe, +21°C to +27°C in gobi. Sometimes the maximum temperature reaches +28°C to +49°C. Since the moist air stream from Atlanta and Arctic Ocean flows through the wide land of Europe and Asia, there are deficiency in the annual precipitation in steppe, Gobi and the desert zone. However, Khangai Hills get more precipitation. Annual precipitation in forest steppe zone is over 250mm, in steppe and forested steppe zone is 130-180mm, in Gobi zone 50-100mm and in Gobi Desert 0-50mm respectively. Air humidity in warm seasons is 40-68% in the mountain region, 35-60% in the steppe and 33-37% in Gobi region. Wind is strong here. Wind average speed is 3m/sec in mountains and 15m/sec in gobi and steppe. Due to such variations, the territory is divided into smaller climate and soil subdivisions. The world aquatic dividing line goes through this land and a good source of sun and wind energy is accumulated in the area.
The territory consists of 5 regions: high mountain region, Gobi region, forest-steppe in the north, steppe in the middle and semi-desert in the south. Khangai Mountain Ranges' branch mountains and river hallow soil is dark and fertile. In the steppe region, hills and valley soil consist of dark brown, sandy brown and gray earth. In the Gobi zone soil is hard mix of sand, clay and breakstone.
Rivers and Lakes
There are Khar Us, Shar Us, Buyant, Khurimt, Ukheg, Sumber, Zag, Baidrag, Tui, Shargaljuut, Tsagaan Turuut rivers, such that takes source from the Khangai Mountain Range, and over 160 fast flowing and fresh water rivers such as Lig, Tsagaan Gol, Bayan Tsagaan, Dalan Turuu and Urt River in this area. There are about 30 lakes such as Buun Tsagaan, Orog, Adgiin Tsagaan, Duut, Khurimt, Boorog, Bayan Nuur, Olgoi Nuur and Khukh Nuur as well. Also, beautiful oases such as right and left Tooroi and Ekhiin Gol, Shar Khulstai, Tsagaan Burgas, Khutsyn Shand, Ulziit Gol, Burkhant and Bor Ovoony Zadgai belong to this land. 20 hot and cold springs such as Shargaljuut, Ukheg, Urguut, Teel, Khaliut, Icheet, and Khuren Khad. Out of these, Shargaljuut is the most famous for its healing properties and various mineral compounds. This spring has over 300 springheads and fountains, and the water is as hot as +45°Ð¡ to +96°Ð¡, which is very rare in the world. It is elevated at 2,000m above sea level.
One third of all species of plants of Mongolia grow in this aimag. North side of the area is covered with forest-steppe plants, and the middle and south parts are covered with steppe-Gobi plants. There are numerous rare floras such as certain type of poplar, bulbous plant, snowlotus, tamarisk, bush and a variety of medically used floras such as cynomorium, agriophyllum, saussurea invoclurata, roseroot, pagoda-tree, evergreen shrub and lymegrass found in this Gobi area.
Altai and Khangai Mountain Ranges are home to various types of wild lives such as wild sheep, wild goat, lynx, deer, badger, wild boar and roe deer. In any zone of the territory, there are fur-fauna marten, marmot, fox, wolf, corsac, wildcat and such. There are many rare and protected animals such as white antelope, black tailed, Gobi bear, Bactrian camel, Bulrush specifically in the steppe. About 150 species of birds including eagle, golden eagle, snow cock, bobwhite, Henderson’s ground jay, vulture, swan, goose, mandarin duck, courlan and bustard, and many types of fish including luce, perch and ruff inhabit this aimag area.
There are many places with untouched natural beauty in any sums of this aimag. Bayanlag Sum’s white rock crystal cave, Ulziit Sum’s Uran Khairkan, Zag and Baidrag places have 500 to 750 years old ancient human remains. Throughout the region new Stone Age and Bronze Age findings including weapons, tolls, decorative items, pertoglyphs, deer stone and man shaped stone monuments are plenty. Historical monuments: Zuukh’s new stone age era homestead, Bichigt (Script) mountain cave painting, Tsakhir mountain’s Lig’s cave that was inhabited with ancient people, Amarbuyant and Mandal’s temples, stupas at Almas Canyon, Shatar Rock’s deer stone and man shaped stone monuments, Lamyn Gegeen Temple remains, Ikh Tsagaan Mountain’s deer stone monument, Ulziit mountain’s Dayan temple remains, Shargaluut’s medicinal spring and spa, Khangai Mountain Ranges complex and Gobi’s national reservation area.