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Bulgan aimag

The general information of Bulgan aimag
Content Data Description
Founded year 1941 -
Name of the aimag's center Bulgan with a Sum status
Coordinates 48°48'N 103°33'E -
Number of the sums (territorial administrative units) 16 including Bulgan (aimag's center)
Total territory 48,733 km² -
- forestry (saxaul, larch, shrubs) 1,905,020.1 ha. -
- agricultured land 33,473.3 ha. -
- pasture land 2,713,924.0 ha. -
Time zone GMT+8 Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
Area code +976-7034-xxxx 976 - country code 7034 - aimag code

Distance from Ulaanbaatar to the center of aimag (Bulgan), km
Ulaanbaatar - Bulgan 630
Distance from center of aimag to center of sum, km
Bayan-Agt 150 Rashaant 230
Bayannuur 176 Saikhan 101
Bugat 52 Selenge 131
Buregkhangai 80 Teshig 246
Gurvanbulag 140 Khangal 113
Dashinchilen 46 Khishig-Undur 68
Mogod 131 Khutag-Undur 143
Orkhon 22    

Bulgan aimag is located in the heart of Mongolia - Orkhon and Selenge basins bordering to Selenge, Tuv, Uvurkhangai, Arkhangai and Khuvsgul aimags respectively and to the Russian Federation for 160km border line. As the aimag is overall a mountainous area and it belongs to Khuvsgul, Khangai and Bulgankhan mountainious region. The aimag has many high mountains such as Khantai (2,000m above sea level) and Buteel (1,800m above sea level) at its north, Bureg (1,600 to 2,000m above sea level) and other smaller mountains that are stretched along the latitude. The northern areas of the aimag are rich with granite from the Mesozoic era, the vast southern territories are rich with Paleozoic and Mesozoic moraine and the central parts of the aimag are rich in lappilus from the Jurassic era and trap stone from quaternary era. In 1967, there was an earthquake in Mogod Sum forming many land splits that show the surface of this area has not been completely formed yet. Bulgan Aimag is rich in resource of anthracite and other constructive materials.

The average temperature is between -0.9°C to -1.6°C. The warmest months are June and July when the temperature is scaled between +29.1°C to +41.0°C. The coldest month is January when the temperature reaches between -35.1°C to -46.2°C. In this aimag the air humidity is mostly higher than the average throughout the country. The annual precipitation is over 350mm in the mountains, 250-300mm in the river basins and 200-250mm in the southern parts of the aimag. The 85% of the annual precipitation falls in the warm seasons. As the land surface is uneven, the air pressure varies from area to area. The air pressure is the highest in January and drops to the lowest in July. The average wind speed is 2.2m/sec. It is less windy in winter times since the anticyclone in this aimag remains stable, yet it is windy in spring and fall as the middle latitude prevailing wind travels through the region from north to south.

The southern part of the aimag is formed with dark brown soil and the northern part is formed with forest-dark soil and taiga soil.

Rivers and Lakes
Water occupies 0.4% or 22,239.3 ha of the all aimag's land. Bulgan Aimag has many large rivers such as Selenge, Orkhon, Khanui and lakes such as Airkhan, Khargal and Khunt. Moreover, many springs such as Khulij, Khunt, Khanui and Asgat exist here. Orkhon River which takes source from Khangai Mountains is the longest river of Mongolia with the length of 1,124km. Tamir River flowing into the Old Orkhon River and also large rivers such as Tuul, Kharaa and Yeruu rivers join together to feed the Selenge River. The opening of this joint river is 100-105m and the curved stream flows to join the Selenge River and to the Baikal Lake at the last. The Orkhon River flows through Mogod, Saikhan and Orkhon sums and its basin is suitable for agriculture.

Forest occupies 1,986.4 thous. ha and 88.1% or 1,750.8 thous. ha of it is a forest land, 11.9 % or 235.6 thous. ha is a non-forest land. Wooded forest occupies 1,507.6 thous. ha also. Out of it natural forest occupies 1,431.2 thous. ha while planted forest, and brush scrubs take up 76.4 thous. hа. Forest resource is 188,280.0 thous. m³. In the natural forest larch grows in 1,048.4 thous. ha, pinaster in 49.5 thous. hа, cedar in 51.2 thous. hа, spruce in 0.8 thous. hа, birch tree in 259.8 thous. hа, bush in 16.4 thous. ha and aspen grows in 2.1 thous. hа respectively. North of the Eg River which includes Teshig Sum's forest is classified into Jid foreland flora region and all the other sums are classified into the Southeast Khangai foreland flora region. Jid regions territory is covered with loose mash soil and with fox berry-green moss and pine forest in 1,300-1,800m above sea level and with late defrosting soil, gladdon and larch forest in 1,000-1,600m.
But the southeast Khangai Region is covered with late defrosting soil, gladdon, larch forest and birch forest at 1,000-1,600m AMSL. Besides, medical, rare floras such as sophora, dogwood and many other medical floras such as licorice, thyme, valerian, viviparous snake-weed, medick, sweetbrier, raspberry, diasthus superbus and natural fruits like sea-buckthorn, blueberry, huckleberry, black cherry, red berries and blackberry grow here.

Bulgan is one of the aimags that are abundant with different species of fauna and flora. Thus, the aimag is a home to many animals such as elk, bear, deer, roe deer, boar, musk deer, lynx, fox, corsac, wolf and marmot and birds such as barred owl, eagle, partridge, grouse, vulture, northern shoveler, goose, stork and duck and fish such as taimen, perch, luce, ruff and red eyed fish.

Other information
The aimag has many historical sites including the remains of the Bai-Balyk town of Uyghur State, remains of a Chinese town from the 10-11th century which is just east of Khar Bukh River, ruins of Tsogt Taij's mansion and the White Palace, Chin Tolgoi ruins, old military base ruins, remains of an ancient Mongolian town which is in Uvgunt and Emgent of Buregkhangai Sum and Khugnu-Tarni monastery which is considered to be a historical gem. Besides monuments belonging to ancient Mongolian states are plenty in this aimag including Turkic era monument in Mogod Sum that is dedicated to the tax collector and the Altan Gerege or the Golden Paiz with Orkhon scripts which were found from the Khunnu graves. The Gerege's Orkhon Turkic script is not only invaluable to the Mongolian linguistics but also very valuable to Central Asian linguistics. Beautiful natural reserves and protected areas such as Eg-Selenge, Eg-Tarvagatai cross, Uran-Togoo, Khugnu Khaan Bulgan and high mountains such as Khantai, Avzaga Khairkhan, Bureg, Namnan, Zalman, Dulaan Khaan, Buural khaan, Ikh Baga Agt and Meej are the scenic spots of the aimag.
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