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Dornogovi aimag

The general information of Dornogovi aimag
Content Data Description
Founded year 1931 -
Name of the aimag's center Sainshand with a Sum status
Coordinates 44°53'N 110°09'E -
Number of the sums (territorial administrative units) 14 including Sainshand (aimag's center)
Total territory 109,742km² -
- forestry (saxaul, larch, shrubs) 158,432 ha. -
- agricultured land 78,3 ha. -
- pasture land 10,787,218.0 ha. -
Time zone GMT+8 Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
Area code +976-7052-xxxx 976 - country code 7052 - aimag code

Distance from Ulaanbaatar to the center of aimag (Sainshand), km
Ulaanbaatar - Sainshand 630
Distance from center of aimag to center of sum, km
Airag 124 Urgun
Altanshiree 84 Saikhandulaan 97
Dalanjargalan 149 Ulaanbadrakh 133
Delgerekh 137 Khatanbulag 230
Zamyn-Uud 218 Khuvsgul 161
Ikh Khet 162 Erdene 103
Mandakh 170    

Dornogovi aimag is located in the eastern steppe of Mongolia, bordering with Dornogovi, Umnugovi, Dundgovi, Govisumber, Khentii, and Sukhbaatar aimags and to the PR of China for about 600km. The entire aimag is in the Gobi zone, so that the area is a combination of Gobi and steppe. But, some smaller mountains such as Otsol, Sansar, Ikh and Baga Dulaan and Argalant, and a huge valley in the heart of the Dornogovi that stretches from northeast to southwest exist in this aimag.

The aimag has extreme continental climate and in winter times temperature drops to -40°C, in summer it is +40°C, ground temperature reaches +60°C. Strong dust and snow storms bring extreme drought and severe cold weather in this region.

Since the aimag's territory entirely belongs to Gobi and steppe zone, the main soil type is Gobi brown soil. There are many large sand dunes in Dornogovi. Land surface has moraine from cenozoic era and numerious fluoride minefields are found in this region.

Rivers and Lakes
There are no large lakes or rivers in Dornogovi, instead there is much groundwater resource. Mineral springs such as Khalzan Uul, Busiin Chuluu and Toli Bulag streams in this region.

The 46 families, 181 genus, 327 species of plants and herbs grow in the territory of this aimag. About 20 species of medicinal herbs which are widely used in Mongolian traditional medicine grow here too. Also, 9 families, 18 genus, 19 species of endangered plants and herbs which are included in the Mongolian Red List can be seen in Dornogovi. Wooded forest covers 114.8 thous. ha and almost all are natural forests. Some types of Gobi vegetation also can be seen here.

Dornogovi aimag is a home to 11 species of endangered animals, 32 species of game animals, 42 species of mammals, 11 species of reptiles, 10 species of predators, 40 species of birds from which 21 of them are common species. Wild animals such as wolf, fox, corsac, badger, wildcat, marmot and worldwidely dangered and threatened species such as wild mountain sheep, wild goat, lynx and chamois are found in this aimag.

Other information
Findings of old stone age were found from Khavtsal Valley of Delgerekh Sum, findings from middle and new stone age are being found from Dulaan Gobi of Erdene Sum and Durvuntein Khond of Khatanbulag Sum. Remains of the old city dating back to the 16th - 17th century, with over 50 ruined buildings are located in Ikhkhet sum in a place called Olon Baishint (many houses). Also in 14km from Ikhkhet sum, there is a monument, belonging to the 10th or 15th century, made of uncut natural stones, standing in the middle of a stone circular. This site has been registered under national protection.
Dornogovi Aimag has kept its pristine untouched nature and many prominent findings in paleontology have been found here such as dinosour fossils from 80 million years ago, fossils of oceanic creatures from millions of years ago, petrified wood, traces of buffaloes and ostriches that lived 30 million years ago.
There were about 100 monasteries in this aimag and Tsuviraa Monastery belonging to the yellow hat sect of Buddhism, located in 60km from the center of Khuvsgul sum is one of them. This monastery is considered to be an invaluable historical and cultural site. The monastery was established by Gobi's first Khutugtu (high reincarnated lama) Agvaangonchig in 1666 as Amgalant Monastery.
The energy center Khamaryn Khiid (Khamryn Khiid) that was established by Khutugtu Danzanravjaa in 1821 is located in this aimag too. Khamaryn Khiid was a buddhist monastery belonging to the red hat sect, with about 80 monastery buildings and over 500 monks.
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