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Mongolia history
HomeAbout MongoliaMongolia historyUpdated 2017 March
1206
Genghis Khan (Chinggis Khaan) unified all Mongolian tribes and established the Mongolian Empire. The empire stretched from Western Europe to the Pacific Ocean, from Yenisei River Basin in the North to the Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East with a total area of 40,000,000 km².

1234
Mongolians defeated Jurched's Jin Dynasty. Between 1211 and 1217 Chinggis Khaan, 1217 – 1223 General Mukhulai, 1229 – 1234 Ugedei and Tolui defeated Jurchen State respectively.

1240
The Secret History of Mongolians was written. It has 12 chapters, narrates about ancient origins of Mongolians and from Genghis Khan to Ugedei Khan's life and legacy.

1271
Khubilai Khan relocated the capital of Mongolia from Karakorum to Beijing and renamed the country as Yuan.

1368
Yuan Dynasty was destroyed and Mongolians came back to their home land.

1636
Southern Mongolians were occupied by Qing Dynasty. Hence it is called Inner Mongolians.

1691
Northern Mongolians were occupied by Qing Dynasty.

1911
Bogd Khan declared Mongolian independency.

1915
3 countries agreement (Treaty of Kyakhta) in Khiagt City, inflicted that Northern Mongolia is an autonomous country under the control of China.

1921
The People's revolution.

1924
People's Republic of Mongolia was declared.

1939
The Battles of Khalkhyn Gol. In 1939, Japan conquered Manchuria, established the country called Manchu-kuo and bordered to Mongolia. On the 11th of November 1939, Japan attacked Mongolia with 10,000 troops, planes and tanks.

1945
The War of liberation. On the 8th of August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war against Japan and attacked Manchuria with 1.6 million troops, 5,200 tanks, and 5,200 planes. The next day, Mongolia declared war against Japan and its 2,000 troops attacked Manchuria.

1947
Inner Mongolian Autonomous was established.

1961
Mongolia joined United Nations.

1992
Mongolia adopted democracy and its new constitution. In the 1990s, socialist regime collapsed and democracy and market economy took its place. By so, a multiple party system emerged.

2006
Mongolia celebrated 800 years anniversary of Mongolian Empire.

2008
Ulaanbaatar was the scene of riots after the Mongolian Democratic, Civil Movement and Republican Parties disputed the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party's victory in the parliamentary elections. Approximately 30,000 people took part in a public meeting led by the opposition parties.

2011
The 2,220th year anniversary of Khunnu Empire, 805th year anniversary of Great Mongol Empire, 100th year anniversary of Mongolian Independence and 90th year anniversary of the People's Revolution.

2016
The 11th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM11) Summit was held, 15-16 July 2016, in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Leaders of ASEM partner countries were welcomed by Mr Tsakhiagiin ELBEGDORJ, President of Mongolia.
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