Genghis Khan (Chinggis Khaan) unified all Mongolian tribes and established the Mongolian Empire. The empire stretched from Western Europe to the Pacific Ocean, from Yenisei River Basin in the North to the Southeast Asia, the Indian subcontinent, and the Middle East with a total area of 40,000,000 km².
Mongolians defeated Jurched's Jin Dynasty. Between 1211 and 1217 Chinggis Khaan, 1217 – 1223 General Mukhulai, 1229 – 1234 Ugedei and Tolui defeated Jurchen State respectively.
The Secret History of Mongolians was written. It has 12 chapters, narrates about ancient origins of Mongolians and from Genghis Khan to Ugedei Khan's life and legacy.
Khubilai Khan relocated the capital of Mongolia from Karakorum to Beijing and renamed the country as Yuan.
Yuan Dynasty was destroyed and Mongolians came back to their home land.
Southern Mongolians were occupied by Qing Dynasty. Hence it is called Inner Mongolians.
Northern Mongolians were occupied by Qing Dynasty.
Bogd Khan declared Mongolian independency.
3 countries agreement (Treaty of Kyakhta) in Khiagt City, inflicted that Northern Mongolia is an autonomous country under the control of China.
The People's revolution.
People's Republic of Mongolia was declared.
The Battles of Khalkhyn Gol. In 1939, Japan conquered Manchuria, established the country called Manchu-kuo and bordered to Mongolia. On the 11th of November 1939, Japan attacked Mongolia with 10,000 troops, planes and tanks.
The War of liberation. On the 8th of August 1945, the Soviet Union declared war against Japan and attacked Manchuria with 1.6 million troops, 5,200 tanks, and 5,200 planes. The next day, Mongolia declared war against Japan and its 2,000 troops attacked Manchuria.
Inner Mongolian Autonomous was established.
Mongolia joined United Nations.
Mongolia adopted democracy and its new constitution. In the 1990s, socialist regime collapsed and democracy and market economy took its place. By so, a multiple party system emerged.
Mongolia celebrated 800 years anniversary of Mongolian Empire.
Ulaanbaatar was the scene of riots after the Mongolian Democratic, Civil Movement and Republican Parties disputed the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party's victory in the parliamentary elections. Approximately 30,000 people took part in a public meeting led by the opposition parties.
The 2,220th year anniversary of Khunnu Empire, 805th year anniversary of Great Mongol Empire, 100th year anniversary of Mongolian Independence and 90th year anniversary of the People's Revolution.
The 11th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM11) Summit was held, 15-16 July 2016, in Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia. Leaders of ASEM partner countries were welcomed by Mr Tsakhiagiin ELBEGDORJ, President of Mongolia.