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Khentii aimag
HomeProvinces of MongoliaKhentii aimagUpdated 2017 March


The general information of Khentii aimag
Content Data Description
Founded year 1930 -
Name of the aimag's center Chinggis city with a Sum status
Coordinates 47°19'N 110°39'E -
Number of the sums (territorial administrative units) 18 including Chinggis city (aimag's center)
Total territory 80,325 km² -
- forestry (saxaul, larch, shrubs) 1,132,693 ha. -
- agricultured land 13,570.9 ha. -
- pasture land 2,911,315.8 ha. -
Time zone GMT+8 Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
Area code +976-7059-xxxx 976 - country code 7059 - aimag code

Distance
Distance from Ulaanbaatar to the center of aimag (Chinggis city ), km
Ulaanbaatar - Chinggis city 311
Distance from center of aimag to center of sum, km
Bor-Undur 170 Dadal
254
Batnorov 105 Darkhan 137
Batshireet 186 Delgerkhaan 124
Bayan-Adraga 154 Jargaltkhaan
96
Bayanmunkh 96 Murun 27
Bayan-Ovoo 132 Norovlin 202
Bayankhutag 22 Umnudelger 112
Binder 184 Kherlen 161
Galshar 129 Tsenkhermandal 142

Geography
Khentii aimag is located in the mountainous area in Kherlen, Onon, Ulz river basins in the northern hemisphere on eastern halfway of the globe between 108° to 113° longtitude and 46° to 49° northern latitude. Khentii Aimag borders with Chita oblast of Russia to the north, with Dornod to the east, with Sukhbaatar and Dornogovi aimags to the south and with Govisumber to the southwest, with Tuv to the west and with Selenge Aimag to the northwest. The aimag's territory is a combination of mountainous and steppe zone.
This aimag appertains to forest and steppe zone, and 16% of the whole northern region is elevated at 1,880-2,450m above sea level and it has gallant forested mountains like Khentii Khan, Noyon and Delgerkhaan. Khentii Khan Mountain elevated at 2,451m above sea level, Asraltkhairkhan at 2,799m above the sea are the highest points of Khentii Aimag. Khentii Aimag has a unique natural composition as the Siberian Taiga forest from north meets the Central Asian vast steppes in the south.

Meteorology
The climate, soil, flora, general environmental features alters from Khentii Mountain Range to the eastern parts of the region, from forested to steppe zone. Annual precipitation is 200 to 300mm. This aimag has hot summers and cold winters. Average temperature in January is -38°C. Sometimes Zud (harsh natural conditions caused by severe cold) happens in winter due to the extreme cold. Summer temperature reaches +38°C to +40°C.

Soil
Khentii Aimag belongs to three different floral zones according to its soil, soil surface, climate, vegetation and fauna.
1. Forested taiga region of Khentii Mountain
2. Forested steppe region of Mongol-Daguur
3. Arid fields of Dornod
The aimag has black soiled, broad fertile fields like Kherlenbayan-Ulaan Mountain, Onon, Kherlen River Basin, Chadgan, Bayan, Khunkher, Khurkh and Ulz.
Crystal, gold, tungsten steel, tin, spar, anthracite, iron ore, copper and other minerals are found and exploited in Khentii Aimag.

Rivers and Lakes
Khentii Aimag has a great amount of underground water resource. There are big and small rivers in northern forested areas of the aimag. Yet the southern steppe has much less underground and inflow water resource. The aimag has over 90 springs, 70 lakes and pools like Khar Zurkh's Khukh Lake mentioned in The Secret History of Mongolia, Khangal Lake famous for its beautifull scenery, Khajuu Spring and others that are involved with Chinggis Khaan history. There are dozens of hot and cold medicinal springs such that Gurvan Nuur, Onon, Avarga Toson, Tars, Arangatai and so on.
Around 100 rivers like Kherlen, Onon, Eg, Barkh, Khurh, Ulz, Balj, Khumult, Tsenkher that are initiated at Khentii Range and its branch mountains belong to this territory. Two thirds of the Kherlen River, which is the longest river of Mongolia with 1,090km in length, flows through Khentii Aimag.

Flora
1. Khentii forested taiga region: This forested zone has humid climate, growth period of flora is relatively short. Cedar, larch, birch and pines are commonly found in the forests. Therefore from 844 floras of 977 species are graminaceous and 133 are woods.
2. Forested steppe zone of Mongol Daguur: Northern part of the mountains are mainly covered with forest where southern part by graminaceous vegetation. This zone is mainly covered with larch forest with different graminaceous plants, birch and pine forest, birch and larch forests. Along the river vallyes and meadows has bush forests. 831 of 946 are graminaceous plants and 115 are trees and scrubs.
3. Arid field zone of eastern Mongolia: Dry plants, scrubs like bush, different types of caragana, stipa grandis, hair grass, filifolium leymus chinensis grow in this region. From around 539 species, 479 are gramineous plants, 60 are trees or scrubs.
The aimag is rich in fruits like blackcherry, blackberry and blueberry, herbs like pseudostellaria, thermopsis, valerian and edible plants like wild leek, wild spring onion shallot, wild onion and white potatoes.

Fauna
Endangered animals such as elk, deer, sable, wolverine (extremely endangered), musk deer, raccoon and other predators and birds live in the hinder parts of Khurkherge Lake, Khutag Lake and Onon.
Also predators like bear, wolf, fox, skunk and badger dwell here. A few years back in time this aimag was abundant in marmots. Birds such as eagle, vulture, swan, egret, gull, crane, harrier, owl, scoter, duck and goose live here. Taimen, lenok, turbot and whitefish, as well as others such as crayfish, clam live in the rivers of the aimag. The southern parts of the aimag are home to antelopes and amphibians like lizard, snake and Mongolian frog. In mountain zones lynx, common weasel, alpine weasel, squirrel, wild boar, roe deer and badger inhabit. Also, ground-squirrel, buns, chipmunks, corsac foxes, wildcats, badgers, rabbits and skunks are found from this aimag.
Around 390 species of birds can be found in Khentii, like black grouse, wood grouse, owl, hawk, woodpecker, lagopus, eagle, raven, barred owl, falcon, partridge, hazel grouse, heron, bustard, magpie, lark, dove and migrating birds like rook, buzzard, blue titmouse, pelican, hoopoe and cuckoo. Around 20 of them are nationally protected endangered species.

Other information
It is believed that Genghis Khan, the Khaan and founder of the Great Mongolian Empire, was born in this aimag. The devotion of creative natives consisting of Khalkh, Buriad, Kazakh, Uriankhai ethnos was highly appreciated by the Mongolian Government and was awarded with "Altan Gadas" or "Polaris" medal in 1943 and twice with honorable awards of the Government within the last few years.
In 2000, the 4,157кm² northeastern area of the aimag became Onon-Balj Complex. The 12,271кm² territory that includes state worshiped sacred Burkhan Khaldun Mountain and Kherlen, Onon and Tuul rivers and their inflows at the heart of the Khentii Range had been protected by the state since 1992.
Around 800 archeologically significant historical remains such as graves, tombs, prohibitions of aristocrats were kept in this region. A place, where the eastern great steppes meet the mountainous region in the northeastern part of the region, which is called Toson Khultai by the locals and 4,700km² of this area became a natural reserve area in 1998.
Hilly and timbered areas surrounding Khar Yamaat, Tumentsogt and other mountains form a fascinating natural complex of 506 km² that became natural reserved area in 1998.
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