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Khuvsgul aimag

The General Data Information of Khuvsgul aimag
Content Data Description
Founded year 1931 -
Name of the aimag's center Murun with a Sum status
Coordinates 49°38'N 100°10'E -
Number of the sums (territorial administrative units) 24 including Murun (aimag's center)
Total territory 100,628.82 km² -
- forestry (saxaul, larch, shrubs) 4,005,365.9 ha. -
- agricultured land 16,714.3 ha. -
- pasture land 2,616,345.8 ha. -
Time zone GMT+8 Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
Area code +976-7038-xxxx 976 - country code 7038 - aimag code

Distance from Ulaanbaatar to the center of aimag (Murun ), km
Ulaanbaatar - Murun 779
Distance from center of aimag to center of sum, km
Alag-Erdene 63 Tumurbulag
Arbulag 71 Tunel 46
Bayanzurkh 127 Ulaan-Uul 164
Burentogtokh 51 Khankh 280
Galt 167 Tsagaannuur 252
Jargalant 177 Tsagaan-Uul 131
Ikh-Uul 112 Tsagaan-Uur 173
Khatgal 101 Tsetserleg 209
Khatgal 154 Chandmani-Undur 137
Renchinlkhumbe 243 Shine-Ider 123
Tarialan 160 Erdenebulgan 133
Tosontsengel 64    

Khuvsgul aimag is bordered with Russia to the north, Zavkhan aimag to the west, Bulgan aimag to the east and Arkhangai aimag to the south. It is located in Khangai Mountain Region. The main mountains are Khuvsgul Tagna and Sayan Mountains whichn belong to the Khangai Mountain Range. Highest point of Delgerkhaan Mountain is at 3,491m above sea level and the aimag has an average elevation of 1,650-2,050m above sea level.
This aimag is considered to be one of the most beautiful places of Mongolia with its snow capped majestic mountain ranges, deep blue lakes, thick forests, vast river valleys. Dayan Deerkh limestone and marble sediment cave in Tsagaan-Uur sum is one of the natural attractions of Khuvsgul aimag. Sometimes Khuvsgul aimag is called Mongolian Switzerland due to its natural beauty, wilderness and historical sites. The aimag's 24 sums are divided into three regions, High Mountain, Low Mountain and Forrest-Steppe.

During the winter time, average air temperature is around -24°C to -32°C, but it can drop down to -42°C to -50°C. During the summer time, average air temperature is around +15°C to +30°C and can get as high as +38°C. It receives an average of 300 to 400mm of precipitation annuly due to the snowing in high mountains region.

Khuvsgul aimag is rich with mineral resources. Deposits containing many thousands of tons of phosphate, coal, graphite, gold, iron ore, lime stone, mineral colors, marble, and granite have been explored in this region.

Rivers and Lakes
The aimag has around 400 rivers and streams, including Ider, Tes, Bugdgeen rivers that take source from Khangai Mountain Range and Delger, Beltes, Sharga, Shishged, Eg, Uur, Uilgan Rivers that take source from Eastern and Western shore mountains of Khuvsgul Lake. It also has around 300 big and small lakes. One of the most beautiful lakes is Khuvsgul Lake with its prestine fresh water, the second-most voluminous freshwater lake in Mongolia, the 10th most voluminous in Asia and the second deepest in Central Asia. It gets drained by Eg and Selenge rivers which ultimately feed into Lake Baikal making 60 percent of its water. The aimag is famous for its medicinal healing springs, such as Bulnai and Salbar Hot Springs, Torts, Dulaan Buleen, Naranbumbat, Khonogtsol, Buustug and Gantigt cold springs. Many medical spring spas operate in this region.

The 35.4% or 35.5 thou.m² areas are covered with forest. The 90% of the forest consists of larch with remaining 10% of pine, asp, cedar etc. Almost 80 species of plants that have medicinal properties like saussurea involucrata grow in Khuvsgul Aimag. The aimag is rich with various species of edible plants such as blueberries, blackberries, red berries, huckleberries, and strawberries, different kinds of mushrooms, wild onions and nuts. Among these abis sibirica, juniper sabina, peony anomala, tragus and milk vetch are listed in the Mongolia Red Book and attract scientist's interests. Khuvsgul has many million m² of forest reserve.

There are 35 different species of 31 different genuses, 13 different families and 5 different orders of mammals inhabit in Khuvsgul Aimag. For example, furbearers like fox, wolf, moose, bear, steppe fox, musk deer, boar, deer, antelope, sable and marmot. Also, two different species of amphibians, 4 different species of reptiles, 400 different species of insects in this region. 10 different species of fish are found in various rivers and lakes of Khuvsgul Aimag. For example gray taimen which is the biggest fish in Mongolia and sturgeon. Also world widely rare, unique white fish inhabit the Darkhad Depression and Shishged rivers. About 2,000 different species of birds are in this region, including vulture, lammergeyer, snowcock, hawk and endangered species of birds like stork, whooper swan, wild goose, duck, osprey, oceanic white tailed eagle, Asian godwit, great black headed gull that are included in the Mongolian and the World Red Books.

Other information
Khuvsgul aimag's population consists of Khalkh and other ethnic groups. The Khalkh people make up 76.9% of the population, Darkhad 13.7%, Khotgoid 5.2% and the remaining are of Buriads, Durvuds, Uriankhais, Tsaatans and Uulds.
Over 40 veterans, 70 Government award winners, 100 scientists and many more famous bestowal personas were born and still living in Khuvsgul Aimag. The Government awarded Khuvsgul Aimag with the state's highest award, the Order of the Red Banner in 1986 for its people's hard work. Khuvsgul people were among the first who joined the 1990 Democratic Revolution and fought for it at Davaadorj Square.
Danish explorer Henning Haslund-Christensen lived and worked in nowadays Erdenebulgan Sum of Khuvsgul Aimag around the 1920s. Some of the local people believe that Mongolians' maternal line ancestor Alan-Gua was born somewhere around nowadays Chandmani-Undur Sum of the aimag. Khuvsgul is considered to be the most populated and also has the most number of livestock.
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