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Selenge aimag

The General Data Information of Selenge Aimag
Content Data Description
Founded year 1934 -
Name of the aimag's center Sukhbaatar with a Sum status
Coordinates 49°45'N 106°30'E -
Number of the sums (territorial administrative units) 17 including Sukhbaatar (aimag's center)
Total territory 41,152.63 km² -
- forestry (saxaul, larch, shrubs) 1,534,111 ha. -
- agricultured land 173,302.1 ha. -
- pasture land 1,706,953.0 ha. -
Time zone GMT+8 Add 8 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
Area code +976-7036-xxxx 976 - country code
7036 - aimag code

Distance from Ulaanbaatar to the center of aimag (Sukhbaatar ), km
Ulaanbaatar - Sukhbaatar 331
Distance from center of aimag to center of sum, km
Altanbulag 24 Orkhontuul
Baruunburen 193 Saikhan 137
Bayangol 162 Sant 160
Yeruu 78 Tushig 129
Javkhlant 63 Khuder 147
Zuunburen 48 Khushaat 98
Mandal 200 Tsagaannuur 87
Orkhon 167 Shaamar 21

Selenge aimag is located in northern Mongolia, between Orkhon and Selenge river basins and forest steppe region with hills and mountains. It has a total area of 43 thousand square kilometers and borders with Russia to the north, Khentii Aimag to the northeast, Tuv Aimag to the southeast and southwest, and Bulgan Aimag to the west. Some of the big lakes, including Burenkhaan, Bayankhaan, Tovkhonkhaan, Dulaankhaan, Delgerkhaan and Songolbuteel, are located in Selenge Aimag. The aimag is elevated at 1,427 to 2,226m above sea level.

Selenge Aimag has long, cold winters and short summers which gets occasionaly cold. It gets really hot during the daytime, really cold at night times and wind speeds up during the day and calms down at nights. The aimag also lacks in moisture. All the weather conditions are due to the severe continental climate that dominates the whole country. Annual average low air temperature is about -1.9°C, an average high is +1.1°C, median temperature is -0.3°C. July is the hottest and January is the coldest month of the year. The area receives an average about 250.1-301.0mm of precipitation annually, with the largest share being received in the warm season. The minimum temperature reaches -35°C to -41°C during December and January; the maximum temperature reaches +30°C to +36°C during July and August, with the highest ever record heat of +39°C in the Shaamar area. Wind with 12 to 17m/sec speed occurs during spring and fall.

Most part of the area has mountainous dark soil with some sediment soil in the river valleys. Selenge is an agriculture based aimag. Most of the farm land, crop and wheat field of Mongolia are concentrated here in Orkhon-Selenge Valley. The aimag harvests about 40% of total wheat of the country, alone. Wood mills, flour mills, spirits and distilling factory, train maintenance workshops are all located here.
Jurassic era sediment deposits are spread throughout the northwest, wordian granite throughout the south, and metamorphic granite throughout the north of the aimag. Selenge is rich with mineral resources such as coal, (Ulaan Tolgoi, Sharyn Gol etc), iron ore (Tumurtei, Tumur Tolgoi), gold (Ikh Altat, Bugant, Tolgoit), silver ore, copper, luster, lead and limestone.

Rivers and Lakes
The largest river of Mongolia is Selenge that flows through this aimag. Therefore, the aimag is named after the Selenge river. Orkhon, Tuul, Kharaa, Yeruu, Iven, Burgaltai, Shuren, Mankhtai, Sharyn Gol and other many rivers are part of the Selenge river basin. Dardaa, Ishgent, Gun Nuur, Sharyn Tsagaan, Tsagaan and Tushig lakes, Yeruu, Tovkhonkhany, Khondyn, Mogoin springs are situated in this aimag.

The 42% of the aimag's territory is covered by forest and the remaining parts are covered by pasture plants. River basins are covered with bushes. Pine trees make the most of the forest, but almost all of the kinds of trees which belong to Khangai Forest region like cedar, larch, birch, aspen, fir, silver fir and poplar grow here. Larch grows in about 508.5 thousand square kilometer area, pine wood in 407.2 thousand, cedar in 178.8 thousand, fir in 10.9 thousand, birch in 583.9 thousand, aspen in 3.8 thousand, poplar in 5.1 thousand square kilometer area.
The area is rich with fruit and berry bushes like strawberry, red currant, black currant, blackberry, blueberry, black cherry, hawthorn and raspberry. Pine nuts and various types of mushrooms are also widely found in this aimag.

The area is rich with wild animals like bear, lynx, fox, wolf, Pallas wildcat, ermine, weasel, badger, deer, moose, antelope and boar. World widely endangered rodents with an expensive fur like sable and ondatra are inhabited in Orkhon-Selenge, Kharaa, and Yeruu river basins. Swan, goose, crane, bustard, partridge, hazel grouse, wood grouse, quail, eagle, hawk, vulture and buzzard inhabits in the area. Perch, pike, burbot and white fish are inhabited in the rivers and lakes of the aimag.

Other information
Even though Selenge aimag occupies 2.7% of the whole country's territory, it contains 55% of the surface-water reserve, 10% of the forest of Mongolia. Gold, coal, iron ore, silver, luster, lead, limestone and granite deposits are abundant in the aimag. Mercury is also found in the region. Nowadays coal, gold and limestone are being exploited.
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