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Uvs aimag
HomeProvinces of MongoliaUvs aimagUpdated 2017 March


The general information of Uvs aimag
Content Data Description
Founded year 1931 -
Name of the aimag's center Ulaangom with a Sum status
Coordinates 49°30'N 92°30'E -
Number of sums (territorial administrative units) 19 including Ulaangom (aimag's center)
Total territory 69,585.39 km² -
- forestry (saxaul, larch, shrubs) 110,217 ha -
- agricultured land 11,400.0 ha -
- pasture land 6,885,416.0 ha -
Time zone GMT+7 Add 7 hours to Greenwich Mean Time
Area code +976-7045-xxxx 976 - country code
7045 - aimag code

Distance
Distance from Ulaanbaatar to the center of aimag (Ulaangom ), km
Ulaanbaatar - Ulaangom 1336
Distance from center of aimag to center of sum, km
Baruunturuun 188 Umnugovi 119
Bukhmurun 180 Undurkhangai 268
Davst 137 Sagil 57
Zavkhan 168 Tarialan 31
Zuungovi 134 Tes 158
Zuunkhangai 339 Turgen 34
Malchin 110 Khovd 186
Naranbulag 90 Khyargas 180
Ulgii 11 Tsagaankhangai 225

Geography
The center of Uvs aimag, Ulaangom is located in the west of the Uvs Lake, occupying 34km² of land at the elevation of 939m above sea level and is 1,336km away from Ulaanbaatar City. Many snow-capped mountains such as Tsagaan Deglii, Must, Tsagaan Shuvuut, also over 40 big and small, salty and fresh water lakes such as Uvs, Khyargas, Achit and Uureg that are abundant in fish and vast forests and steppes are in this aimag. The Uvs Aimag is situated in westren Mongolia occupying the Khankhukhii, Kharkhiraa, Turgenii mountain ranges and the Gobi in the Uvs Lake depression. The highest mountain is 4,116m high Kharkhiraa Mountain. Kharkhiraa, Turgenii mountains are relatively young frowning mountains. Moraine from the Mesozoic era is widely spread around the Khyargas and Uvs lakes. In addition, many other mountains such as Tsambagarav, Darvi, Baatar, Khukh Serkhiin range, Munkhkhairkhan, Jargalant, Sutai, Myangan Ugalzat and Altan Khukhii exist in the aimag. The lowest point of Uvs Lake area is 758.9m above sea level while the highest point is Kharkhiraa-Turgenii Mountain's peak at 4,126m above sea level.

Meteorology
The annual average precipitation is 135.3mm. Atmospheric pressure is 923.9 hPa in January and 901.9 hPa in July. Northern hemisphere winter high-pressure zone forms in low lands of the Uvs and Khyargas lakes. January average temperature is -17°C to -25.5°C and average July temperature is 16.5°C. Average wind speed is 4.5m/sec. May is the windiest month of the year. The wind speed can reach 2.3m/sec in May. The maximum temperature can reach up to +35°C and minimum temperature can drop down to -40°C. Spring and fall seasons last relatively long, 120 to 160 days.
The annual average air temperature in Ulaangom City is -3.8°C, January average is -33°C and July average is +19.2°C. Ulaangom is one of the places in Mongolia that experiences the coldest winter, the minimum ever recorded temperature was -50°C, the maximum ever recorded temperature was +36.4°C.

Soil
Nuurst Khotgor and Khar Tarvagatai are rich with coal. Shuden Mountain is rich with salt deposits. Most of the territories of the aimag have light colored steppe soil. Steppe and mountain dark brown soil is spread throughout the mountainous region. Swamp and sandy soil spread throughout the low lands of the lakes. Mountains are covered with forests and alpine vegetation whereas the low land of the lakes is covered with Gobi vegetation.

Rivers and Lakes
Large rivers like Tes, Nariin and Zavkhan flow through the aimag. The aimag has many large lakes including Uvs, Khyargas and Uureg. There are also many springs such as Khartermesiin, Khavtsal Boomyn, and Burgastain.
The aimag is located in the low lands of the great lakes (Great Lakes Depression). The total area of the surface water of the aimag is 3,350km². The length of the longest lake is 84km, and width of the widest is 79km. Sulphate and natrium concentrated Uvs Lake is elevated at 759m. Uvs Lake is the largest lake in the country. Scientists have determined that the lake is over 200 years old. 38 rivers flow into Uvs Lake including Tes, Nariin, Kharhiraa, Turgen, Borshoo, Sagil, Khundlun, Khandgai and Torkhilog.
Total length of the Tes River is 732km and the river flows through Uvs aimag for 135km. The Tes river delta at Uvs kake consists of 5 rivers with vast swamps with reeds. The names of these 5 small rivers are Orgikh, Khos-Ereg, Ikh Gol, Jiireg and Ukheg. The term "Five Tes" is derived from these 5 streams.

Flora
About 128.0 thousand ha or 82% of the total forest area is covered with larch, 1.3 thousand ha is with cedar, 0.2 thousand ha is with fir, 5.6 thousand ha is covered with aspen. The low lands of the lakes are dominated with Gobi vegetation. Khargai, aspen and bushes grow in the Tsagaan Shuvuut and its branch mountains. 180km long Khan Khukhii Mountain Range is rich with coniferous forest. Therefore, it is considered to be the main source of the forest reserve of the aimag. Khargai, aspen, bush, fir grow in the north side of the Kharkhiraa mountain. Turgen Mountain Range stretches out, though many different regions including tundra, taiga, and mountain steppe is rich with woody, bushy and graminaceous plants that are well adapted with its distinctive conditions.

Fauna
Uvs aimag is a home to many different species of animals that are well adapted to its harsh climate conditions and diverse geographical formations which includes alpine high mountains, vast gobies and steppes with huge lakes and rivers. In this aimag 64 species of mammals of 20 different genuses, 6 families and 4 orders inhabit the area. Significant game animals like Altai Argali wild sheep, ibex the wild goat, deer, antelope, wolf, boar and fox, birds like duck, grouse, sand grouse and goose, fishes like grayling, osman and bigmouth osman inhabit the area. In the basin of Khyargas, Achit and Uvs lakes, endangered species like antelope and black tailed antelope inhabit also. Saiga Tatrica Mongolica antelope is almost extinct in the area.
Khankhukhii, Togtokhyn Shil, Kharkhiraa, Turgenii mountains, Uliastai forest and high mountain rocky regions are a home to leopard, lynx, wolverine, marten, squirrel, grouse, black cock, rabbit, chipmunk, steppe fox, wildcat, badger, skunk, ermine, hare, marmot, gopher, jerboa, mole, hamster and other types of rodents.
In the lakes, water birds like swan, duck, pelican and scoter are found. In the plains and high mountains, snowcock, bustard, crane, grouse, cuckoo, eagle, vulture, lammergeyer, peckerwood, crow, magpie, hawk, lark, owl, black kite, seagull, buzzard, stork and hoopoe are widely found. Nightingale and many other migratory and non migratory birds are inhabited in the Khovd and Bukhmurun rivers. Major rivers and lakes are abundant in fish like Western Mongolian grayling and osman.

Other information
Located at the boundaries of Malchin and Khyargas sums, Jinst Khadny Cave that can fit about 600 to 800 sheep, 200m deep cave at Khatuugiin Mountain in Davst Sum, Ulaan Chuluuny Cave which can fit about 400 - 500 horses or 800 - 900 sheep at Undurkhangai, rock cliffs elevated at 3,000m above sea level, that contains trails and fossils of ancient animals at Yamaat Mountain in Bukhmurun Sum are all part of the beautiful scenery of the aimag.
The aimag has been named "Chandmani Uul" between 1925 to 1931, as "Durvudiin aimag" between 1931 to 1932 and since 1933 it was named Uvs Aimag.
Border crossing points to Russia that are in this aimag are "Borshoo" in Davst Sum and "Tes" in Tes Sum. The national game animal reserve is located in Khar Yamaat of Bukhmurun or alternatively called as a home land to the Ibex mountain goats. Hunters from all over the world pay a visit to this place.
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