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Mongolian Basic Phrases
HomeMongolian Basic PhrasesUpdated 2017 March


Travelers in Mongolia usually speak Mongolian for next things: greetings, being cordial, buying something, and asking location and directions. A few very basic phrases for travelling in Mongolia are provided below that will help you better connect with Mongolian culture during your trip and allow you do these essential things.

The phrases are shown in English and Mongolian characters first, then pronunciation in [square brackets].

Essentials
I – Би – [bi]
Yes – Тийм – [tiim]
No – Үгүй – [ugui]
Thank you – Баярлалаа – [bayarlalaa]
Thank you very much – Маш их баярлалаа – [mash ih bayarlalaa]
Excuse me – Уучлаарай – [uuchlaarai]
Help me, please – Надад туслаач – [nadad tuslaach]

Greetings & Small Talk
Hello – Сайн байна уу? – [sain bainu]
How are you? – Амархан сайн байна уу? – [amarhan sain bainu]
What's new? – Сонин сайхан? – [sonin saihan]
Good morning – Өглөөний мэнд – [ugluunii mend]
Good afternoon – Өдрийн мэнд – [udriin mend]
Good evening – Оройн мэнд – [oroin mend]
What is your name? – Таныг хэн гэдэг вэ? – [taniig hen gedeg ve]
My name is John – Намайг Жон гэдэг – [namaig Jon gedeg]
Goodbye – Баяртай – [bayartai]
Good night – Сайхан нойрсоорой – [saihan noirsooroi]
Do you have wifi here? – Энд wifi байгаа юу – [end wifi baigaa yu]
Sorry, I don't understand – Уучлаарай, би таныг ойлгосонгүй – [uuchlaarai, bi taniig oilgosongui]
I don't speak Mongolian – Би монголоор ярьдаггүй – [bi mongolooor yardaggui]
Do you speak English? – Та англиар ярьдаг уу? – [bi mongolooor yardaggui]
Could you please repeat that – Та давтаад хэлнэ үү? – [ta davtaad helne uu]
I will be right back! – Би одоохон эргээд ирнэ – [bi ergeed irne]

I'm from
I am from America – Би Америк улсаас ирсэн – [bi amerik ulsaas irsen]
Australia – Австрали – [avstral]
Austria –Австри – [avster]
Benin – Бенин – [benin]
Canada – Канад – [canad]
Chine – Хятад – [hyatad]
England – Англи – [angil]
German – Герман – [german]
Israel – Израли – [izrail]
Japan – Япон – [yapon]
Korea – Солонгос – [solongos]
France – Франц – [frants]
Nederland – Нидерланд – [niderland]
Russia – Орос – [oros]
Senegal – Сенегал – [senegal]
Spanish – Испани – [ispan]
Switzerland – Швейцари – [shwetsar]

Directions
Map – Газрын зураг – [gazriin zurag]
Where is …? – … хаана байдаг вэ? – [haana baidag ve]
Bus stop – Автобусны зогсоол – [avtobusnii zogsool]
Train Station – Вокзал – [vokzal]
Airport – Нисэх онгоцны буудал – [niseh ongotsnii buudal]
What place is this? – Энэ ямар газар вэ? – [ene yamar gazar ve]
I'm lost – Би төөрсөн – [bi tuursun]
Go straight ahead – Чигээрээ явна уу – [chigeeree yavna uu]
Turn right – Баруун тийш эргэнэ – [baruun tiish ergene]
Turn left – Зүүн тийш эргэнэ – [zuun tiish ergene]
Stop here, please – Энд зогсоно уу – [end zogson uu]

Restaurants
Restaurant – Ресторан – [restoran]
Waiter – Үйлчлэгч – [uilchlegch]
Could I have the menu, please? – Хоолны цэсээ үзүүлнэ үү? – [hoolnii tsesee uzuulne uu]
How much is this? – Энэ ямар үнэтэй вэ? – [ene yamar unetei ve]
Black tea – Хар цай – [har tsai]
Green tea – Ногоон цай – [nogoon tsai]
Coffee – Кофе – [kofe]
Salad – Салат – [salat]
Soup – Шөл – [shul]
Chicken – Тахиа – [tahia]
Meat – Мах – [mah]
Beef – Үхрийн мах – [uhriin mah]
Pork – Гахайн мах – [gahain mah]
Mutton – Хонины мах – [honinii mah]
Seafood – Далайн бүтээгдэхүүн – [dalain buteegdehuun]
Fish – Загас – [zagas]
Eggplant – Баклажан – [baklajan]
Potato – Төмс – [tums]
Tomato – Помидор – [pomidor]
Mushroom – Мөөг – [muug]
Rice – Будаа – [budaa]
Noodles – Гоймон – [goimon]
Egg – Өндөг – [undug]
Dessert – Десерт – [desert]
Dumplings – Банш – [bansh]
First Course – Нэгдүгээр хоол – [negdugeer hool]
Main Course – Хоёрдугаар хоол – [hoerdugaar hool]
Chopstick – савх – [savh]
Spoon – Халбага – [halbaga]
Fork – Сэрээ – [seree]
Knife – Хутга – [hutag]
Breakfast – Өглөөний цай – [ugluunii tsai]
Dinner – Оройн хоол – [oroin hool]
I am vegetarian – Би цагаан хоолтон – [bi tsagaan hoolton]
Delicious – Амттай – [amttai]
Awesome – Гайхамшигтай – [gaihamshigtai]
Sour – Эсгэлэн – [esgelen]
Salty – Шорвог – [shorvog]
Sweet – Чихэрлэг – [chiherleg]
Bitter – Гашуун – [gashuun]
May I have the bill, please? – Тооцоогоо хийе? – [tootsoogoo hiie]

Shopping
Tugrug (Mongolian currency) – Төгрөг – [tugrug]
Credit card – Төлбөрийн карт – [tulburiin kart]
How much is it? – Энэ ямар үнэтэй вэ? – [ene yamar unetei ve]
Can I pay by credit card? – Төлбөрөө картаар хийж болох уу? – [tulburuu kartaar hiij boloh uu]
Can I pay by cash? – Төлбөрөө бэлнээр хийж болох уу? – [tulburuu belneer hiij boloh uu]
Supermarket – Дэлгүүр – [delguur]
Bookstore – Номын дэлгүүр – [nomiin delguur]
Bakery – Талхны дэлгүүр – [talhnii delsguur]
Market – Зах – [zah]
1 000 – Нэг мянга – [neg myanga]
10 000 – Арван мянга – [arvan myanga]
100 000 – Зуун мянга – [zuun myanga]
500 000 – Таван зуун мянга – [zuun myanga]
1 000 000 – Нэг сая – [neg saya]

Time Indications
Now – Одоо – [odoo]
Today – Өнөөдөр – [unuudur]
Tomorrow – Маргааш – [margaash]
Yesterday – Өчигдөр – [uchigdur]
Morning – Өглөө – [ugluu]
Afternoon – Өдөр – [udur]
Evening – Орой – [oroi]
What time is it? – Цаг хэд болж байна? – [tsag hed bolj baina]
One, Two, Three, Four, Five, Six – Нэг, хоёр, гурав, дөрөв, тав, зургаа – [neg, hoer, gurav, duruv, tav]
Seven, Eight, Nine, Ten, Eleven, Twelve – долоо, найм, ес, арав – [zurgaa, doloo, naim, es, arav, arvan neg, arvan hoer]
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