Khuvsgul Lake, the Blue Pearl of Mongolia is surrounded by lush green hills, mountains reaching for the sky, and dense alpine forests of taiga, is one of most visited tourist attractions in Mongolia located in Khuvsgul province. The lake known as the Dalai Eej (Ocean Mother) is the largest crystal freshwater lake by volume in Mongolia, the 10th most voluminous in Asia and the second deepest in Central Asia, containing roughly 0,9% of the world's unfrozen surface fresh water. Khuvsgul is one of seventeen ancient lakes in the world, being more than 2 million years old. Lake length - 136km, width - 39km; total area - 25km². The surface of Khuvsgul Lake is located at 1,650m (5413ft) above sea level, with a maximum depth of 267m (876ft). 96 rivers and streams flow into the lake that was created 2.5-3million years ago by tectonic activities. Khuvsgul is drained at the south end by the River Egiin Gol, which connects to the River Selenge and ultimately into Lake Baikal (Russia), making 60 percent of its water. The majestic mountain ranges of Khuvsgul, thick forests surrounding the lake, rivers and valleys, amazing and majestic nature scenery, Tsaatan are tourist attractions of their own. Main tourist activities: fishing, kayaking, boat rental, trekking, hiking, camping, horseback riding, enjoy the natural beauty, car excursions.
Reindeer people, Tsaatan nomad family
Khuvsgul is the land of the Tsaatan reindeer herdsmen, a branch of the Turkic-speaking Tuvinian or Dukha ethnic group. The Tsaatans or Reindeer people (Reindeer Herders) are an indigenous people inhabiting the deep remotest forests of the Darkhad Basin, which covers a vast territory of Renchinlkhumbe, Tsagaan-Uul and Ulaan-Uul sums of Khuvsgul aimag and comprises 42 700 hectares. Tsaatans ethnic minority live in the extreme nature conditions, but they truly keep preserving their traditional way of life. Language natively spoken is Uighur. The Tsaatans sense of community is structured around the reindeer. Their intriguing culture and tradition, shamanism religion is what draw tourist to visit this region. Important aspect of Tsaatans culture are the wedding, funeral customs, hunting, hut building, transportaion, holidays and festivals, that Reindeer people follow so passionately and devotedly. By watching or even participating in these tradition, one can get a better understanding of the cultural and historical background of the Reindeer people.
Uushig Deer Stone Monument
Uushigiin uver valley is notable rich for a legendary archaeological monument - "Deer stones" ("The "Deer stone" is derived from highly artistic illustrations of deer on stone), located in the territory of Khuvsgul aimag, 25km west of Murun city. There is a complex of big khirgisuurs, slab burials and 14 deer stones, arranged in a same row with a distance of 3-20 meters, constructed from reddish granite. The stones ranges between 1.5-4.8m in height, 0.2-0.5cm in thickness and 0.4-1m in width. According to the archeologists this stones are dating to the Bronze Age. Deer stones draw attentions of many tourists, scientists and considered one of the rarest statues.
Located in beautiful Iven Valley, in Baruunburen sum of Selenge aimag, about 60km east of Erdenet city, Amarbayasgalant Monastery was established in 1726 dedicated to Saint Zanabazar, Bogdo Zanabazar, also known as Undur Gegeen Zanabazar and Bogd Jebtsundamba (1635-1723), sculptor and spiritual leader of Mongols, the grandson of Avtai Sain Khan and a direct descendant of Genghis Khan. It was an one of the large and most important monasteries in Mongolia, included about fifty datsans and many temples, housed a community of around 6000 monks. Its architecture is a perfect blend of Mongolian, Tibetan and Buddhist shills. Since 1943 the monastery stands under state protection, was restored and revitalized. Its was also inscribed on the List of World Heritage in 1996. Nowadays Amarbayasgalant Monastery consisted of 28 temples and visited by both local and international followers of Buddhism, tourists in large number, every year.
Uran Togoo extinct volcano
Uran Togoo extinct volcano is located in Uran Togoo National Park, 80km west of Bulgan city, center of Bulgan aimag. Its peak is nearly 1686m above sea level, has a crater 500-600m in diameter and around 50-60m deep, filled with a small oval lake about 20m in diameter and 1.5m in deep. The last eruption occurred in approximately 20,000-25,000 years ago. You will be fascinated by the beauty of the surrounding larch forest mixed with aspen and birch. Area's animal species include the partridges, sparrows, owls, hawks and breasts, deer, wild sheep, roe deer, boar, ibex, marmot, squirrel, brown hare, moss brown mice. Snake and reptiles are common in the Mt. Uran Togoo. Since 1965 the Uran Togoo Mountain stands under state protection.