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Geography of Umnugovi aimag
Home Provinces of Mongolia Umnugovi aimagGeography of Umnugovi aimag
Geography of Umnugovi aimagUmnugovi is the biggest aimag in the country according to its area. It is bordered with Dundgovi, Dornogovi, Bayankhongor, Uvurkhangai aimags and to the south for 700km borders with the provinces of Bayannuur and Alshaa of Inner Mongolia, the People's Republic of China. The area of Umnugovi aimag is considered as a part of the Gobi desert and elevated at the average of 1,300 to 1,600m above sea level. The continue of the Altai Mountain Range, 3,000m elevated mountains like Govi Gurvan Saikhan, Sevrei, Noyon Bogd, Nomgon, Tost, Nemegt, Altan Uul, Gilbent, 800m elevated and 150km long Khongor sand dune and couple dozen km vast Gobis like Galba, Borzon, Zeemeg, and Zag Sujiin all lie in the territory of Umnugovi aimag.

The area of province is rich with mineral recourses like lead, copper, coal, iron ore, marble, feldspar and crystal. The Tavan Tolgoi coal mine is located in 100km east from the center of the aimag Dalanzadgad, in 18km southwest from the Tsogttsetsii sum center and in 540 km from Ulaanbaatar. Tavan Tolgoi deposit contains 6.4 billion ton of high quality coal with 7,760 to 8,120 kcal in value.
The Oyu Tolgoi, copper and gold mine, is located in Khanbogd sum territory, 45km south from the center of the sum, 240km west from the center of Umnugovi aimag, Dalanzadgad and 600km from Ulaanbaatar. Discovered copper deposit is 26 million tons and gold deposit is 1,000 tons as of 2006. Oyu Tolgoi deposit contains 2.31 billion tons of ore with 1.16% copper concentrate and 0.35 g/ton gold concentrate.
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